Concussion Education and Management

What is a Concussion?

A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that interferes with normal brain function. An athlete does not have to lose consciousness (be “knocked out”) to have suffered a concussion.

Common symptoms of concussion include:

  • headache
  • fogginess
  • difficulty concentrating
  • easily confused
  • slowed thought processes
  • difficulty with memory
  • nausea
  • lack of energy, tiredness
  • dizziness, poor balance
  • blurred vision
  • sensitivity to light and sounds
  • mood changes – irritable, anxious or tearful
  • appears dazed or stunned
  • confused about assignment
  • forgets plays
  • unsure of game, score or opponent
  • moves clumsily
  • answers questions slowly
  • loses consciousness
  • shows behavior or personality changes


Suggested Concussion Management:

  1. No athlete should return to play (RTP) or practice on the same day of a concussion.
  2. Any athlete suspected of having a concussion should be evaluated by an appropriate health-care professional that day.
  3. Any athlete with a concussion should be medically cleared by an appropriate health-care professional prior to resuming participation in any practice or competition.
  4. After medical clearance, RTP should follow a step-wise protocol with provisions for delayed RTP based upon return of any signs or symptoms.

Concussion in Sports – Suggested Guidelines Management (NFHS 2013)

REAP – Concussion Management Program 

CDC Traumatic Brain Injuries

Soft or Padded Headgear in Non Helmeted Sports Position Statement (NFHS 2013)

Recommendations and Guidelines for Minimizing Head Impact Exposure  Risk in Football