Heat & Hydration and Cold Weather Guidelines

Heat & Hydration

Heat illness and injury can range from a simple muscle cramp to life threatening heat stroke. Catastrophic heat injuries are preventable.  The most important components in preventing heat injury are the prevention of dehydration and limiting activity when temperature and humidity make it near impossible for the body to cool through evaporation of sweat.

Following is a list of resources related to heat and hydration.  This is important information for coaches in all sports.

VHSL Heat Guidelines

NATA Heat Illness Handout

NATA Exertional Heat Illness Position Statement (2015)

Healthy Hydration for Youth Athletes (2018)

Korey Stringer Institute Heat Stroke Treatment Recommendations

Heat Stroke Treatment Authorization Form

OSSA Heat Index Calculator

 

Cold Weather Guidelines

The following guidelines, as outlined in the 2008 NATA position statement, can be used in planning activity depending on the wind-chill temperature. Conditions should be constantly re-evaluated for change in risk, including the presence of precipitation:

• 30 degrees Fahrenheit and below: Be aware of the potential for cold injury and notify appropriate personnel of the potential.

• 25 degrees Fahrenheit and below: Provide additional protective clothing; cover as much exposed skin as practical; provide opportunities and facilities for re-warming.

• 15 degrees Fahrenheit and below: Consider modifying activity to limit exposure or to allow more frequent chances to re-warm.

• 0 degrees Fahrenheit and below: Consider terminating or rescheduling activity.

VISAA Cold Weather Policy